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Glossary S to Z



Saddle Cloth
Also known as number cloth, this displays the racecard number of a horse and must be worn by all runners.

The training of a horse to jump properly.

A racehorse has scope if he looks likely to mature further and improve during its' racing career.


A horse who has been withdrawn from a race is said to be scratched.

Scrubbed Along
A jockey pushing a horse as hard as he can to encourage it to run faster.

Father of a horse.

Satellite Information Services – they broadcast picture from the racecourse to bookmakers.

An unbacked horse in a race. If the horse wins the bookmakers pay out nothing.

Sky Rocket
Slang term for pocket.

Snatched Up
A horse that is hampered during a race when another horse crosses its patch forcing the jockey to stop riding.

SP (Starting Price)
The price at which a horse is officially judged to have started the race.

Spreading A Plate
A horse loses a shoe.

A horse whose price is reducing rapidly.

Horses who are best at sprint distances, 5 or 6 furlongs.

An entire male horse kept at stud for breeding purposes.

Horses who are best at longer distances, 1m6f on the flat or over 3 miles over jumps.

Another term for a springer.

Stewards Enquiry
Is held after a race if the stewards think that there has been some wrongdoing before or during that particular race.

Strike Rate
The ratio of winners to losers.

For big races with several forfeit stages there is the option of supplementing a horse that has not already been entered. This can be very costly for the connections.



Tailed Off
A horse that is so far behind the leaders that it is totally out of contention.

Tic Tac
The sign language used on a racecourse by bookmakers to communicate with each other.

A forecast of how the betting for an event will open.


Tongue Tie
An elasticated tie that holds a horse's tongue flat in the mouth therefore keeping the passage for air intake open and stopping the horse from swallowing its' tongue. They must be declared at the overnight stage.

Trained On
A horse that has held its' form season by season. Some good two year olds show no worthwhile form after they return after the winter break.

A horse that is on the bridle.

The distance of a race.

Turn Of Foot
A burst of speed that a horse can apply when need to win a race.



A casino term for a dealer's card that is shown face up.



A person employed to look after a jockey's clothing and equipment at the races.

What you should be looking for in every bet you make.

A contagious condition that impairs a horse's health and can spread throughout a training yard.



Walk Over
One horse is left in a race either at the overnight stage or on the day of the race. The horse is only required to breeze past the stands and is not required to race.

Warn Off
A person that is guilty of severe wrongdoing in horseracing will be warned off by the Jockey Club. They will be unable to attend any race meeting or set foot on Jockey Club property until their period of exclusion has ended.

Weighed In
Once this has been signalled at a racecourse the result on the day cannot be changed. This is not announced until the time for objections to be raised has lapsed, stewards enquiries have been considered and jockeys have weighed back in to ensure that they have not lost weight since weighing out.

Weighed Out
Every jockey must weigh out before they are allowed to race. The jockey must present himself and all his equipment, excluding helmet and whip, to the Clerk Of The Scales who will check he is the correct weight for that race.

Weight Cloth
This is a leather cloth that contains pockets for extra lead weights to be added if the jockey is not heavy enough to make the weight the horse must carry.

Provide British horseracing with its' central administration, acts as its' bank and maintains the thoroughbred breed register.



An X is used to denote a draw on a football coupon or pools.



A one year old horse. Foals become yearlings after 1st January regardless of what month they were born in.



Zone Defence
A term used in football to describe a defensive formation where a team's defenders will defend an area, or zone, of the park rather than follow a particular opposition player.











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